Debriefing EU Mediators: Summary and Key Lessons from a Debriefing with former EUSR for the Middle East Peace Process, Marc Otte

The EU is becoming increasingly active as a global peacemaker, supporting peace processes and also directly mediating between conflict parties in several instances. Given this commitment, it is important to gather and manage the knowledge and learning from these engagements. This can further strengthen the EU’s efforts in peace mediation in other parts of the world. The aim of this publication series is to capture and present key practice and policy lessons from the work of EU mediators.

Highlights from this edition:

  1. In complex regional conflicts such as the Middle East, EUSRs can play an important role in harnessing and orchestrating a range of EU instruments in support of a peace process, including military and civilian, development, humanitarian and diplomatic components
  2. EUSRs can also contribute to internal consensus-building among Member States on EU foreign policy towards strategic regions
  3. While mediation may not appear explicitly in all EUSRs' formal mandates, mediation as a practice is critical across many of their tasks. An explicit mention in mandates can enable the provision of more focused support in this area.
  4. For EU foreign policy to be effective and coherent, it is crucial that its Envoys base their work on a solid understanding of EU institutional parameters, policies and approaches. This requires systematic inductions, tailored support during the mandate, and post-mandate debriefings.

This effort forms part of mediatEUr’s wider work on developing building blocks for a European Institute of Peace, funded by the Swedish and Finnish Ministries of Foreign Affairs. The aim of this project is to assist the creation of a framework for a European Institute of Peace (EIP). One of the building blocks of a future EIP can be precisely this type of knowledge gathering and management from EU mediators’ experiences.