Standing United for Peace: The EU in Coordinated Third-party Support to Peace Processes

International peace mediation is a rapidly expanding field that has evolved from classic diplomacy to more complex, multi-level and multi-stakeholder affairs, up to the point where today few (if any) international mediation efforts are conducted by one actor only.

As a result, peacemakers have developed a multitude of collective coordination mechanisms to ensure complementarity between different actors’ support to peace processes, ranging from informal cooperation to more formalized set-ups like Groups of Friends. Indeed in many cases, the EU does not necessarily directly lead mediation efforts; but it has played and does play a significant role in supporting a number of peace processes together with other actors. This document looks at lessons on coordination among different third parties that support particular peace processes, and their relevance for EU peace process support. In particular it seeks to contribute to the implementation of the recent EU Joint Concept on Strengthening EU Mediation and Dialogue Capacities, which stresses the importance of coordination.